The industrial revolution - marking the separation between consumer and producer - gave birth to the arts and crafts movement that championed a return to design and craftmanship. The arts and crafts garden represents an extension of this philosophy. In execution, this garden style combines contrasting formal hard-scape with effusive informal plantings. Hedges and walls create intimate themed garden rooms close to the house. Orchards and meadows exist further from the house. More a philosophy than strict style, the arts and crafts allows the gardener a lot of freedom of expression. Advocates included garden writer Gertrude Jekyll, and gardeners Vita Sackville-West, Harold Nicolson, and Lawrence Johnston, who created the tour-de-force gardens at Sissinghurst and Hidcote.
Check out the posts below for other examples of gardens inspired by the arts and crafts style.